Monday, August 24, 2020
A Canticle For Leibowitz papers Walter M. Mill operator depicts a thought of how he figures innovation will influence society numerous years later. This isn't really how we figure innovation will influence society. The job innovation has on human presence and the outcome that change has on humankind are illustrated and created all through the three separate pieces of the novel: Fiat Homo, Fiat Lux and Fiat Voluntas Tua A Canticle for Leibowitz. is set numerous years later, after the decimation of the Nuclear Holocaust and the Flame Deluge. The Holocaust has pulverized any innovation known to man and constrained society to begin once again. The overcomers of the holocaust free society of any insight including specialists, researchers, and any who are instructed. The survivors do this since they feel compromised by the information individuals have and become boneheads. They likewise observe the informed as the reason for the holocaust in the in front of the pack, they feel that since researchers concocted atomic weapons, its their flaw they were utilized to annihilate the world. In the start of the novel the researchers utilize the church as a position of solace and shrewdness. The priests interpret all the remaining parts of the book print, into lit up original copies. These enlightened compositions are basic to society since they are the main wellspring of information from an earlier time and can be utilized to anticipate what the future will hold. There are numerous topics introduced in the initial segment of the novel that are created all through the novel; innovations job on human presence and the outcomes that change has on mankind. About 600 years after the fact is the point at which the second piece of the novel, Fiat Lux, happens. Mill operator shows how appealing the intensity of innovation has become to society. It additionally appears the numerous results that the progression of innovation can cause. A character in ... <!
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Chapter by chapter list I. Conceptual II. Authoritative Setting III. Key Concepts a. Quality b. Absolute Quality Management c. Development d. Procedure Map e. Adjusted Scorecard f. Six Sigma g. Seat Marking h. Stock Management IV. End V. References Conceptual The principle motivation behind the Integrative Learning Project (ILP) is to present a bona fide or manufactured organization/industry to inquire about. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s authoritative setting incorporates the statement of purpose of the organization, who the inward/outside clients are, what perspectives can be added to accomplish the associations strategic, what job Christianity has with the association. The examination incorporates utilizing eight distinct ideas learned all through the course, clarifying in detail how these ideas identify with the association and the advantages the ideas offer to the association, and what should be done to execute these ideas into the organizationÃ¢ successfully. This ILP will demonstrate that a fruitful business can be run successfully and productively while executing the key ideas. Hierarchical Setting Dover Saddlery, Inc. is a main claim to fame retailer in the English-style horseback riding industry in the United States. The organization offers an enormous determination of value and premium equestrian items to think about, ride, train, and contend a pony. Established in 1975 by Jim and David Powers, the organization has become the biggest multi-channel advertiser of head equestrian items by selling through direct and retail deals. The organization serves the English rider through Dover Saddlery and the western rider through Smith Brothers. The organization sells their items utilizing indexes, the web, and retail locations. The product offering incorporates an assortment of things, for example, tack, horse attire, horse wellbeing, footwear, and specific clothing. Dover Saddlery, Inc. is headquartered in Littleton, MA, including a stockroom and call focus office. The organization has 18 retail stores in Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Texas, and Virginia. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s second from last quarter 2013 all out incomes were $63.6 million, a 6.4% expansion from the $59.7 million accomplished in the relating time frame. Dover Saddlery, Inc. stock exchanges on the NASDAQ Stock Market under the image DOVR. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s mission is to develop the business by giving an expansive assortment of value and most exceptional equestrian clothing, gear, stable, and pony care items to all equestrians, while working effectively and being productive. The organization conveys 5,800 things containing roughly 28,000 diverse SKUÃ¢â¬â¢s. The organization conveys passage level value focuses to the excellent very good quality value focuses to meet the wide scope of client needs and desires. The organization conveys an unmistakable and wide choice of need-based and great items at serious costs with brief request satisfaction capacity. The organization separates itself from contenders by their huge stock comprising of non-marked items, private name items, and premium brands. The present equestrian items showcase isÃ¢ estimated by the American Horse Council at $7.6 billion with an expected 9.2 millions ponies in the United States. American Sports Data gauges that over 16.8 million individuals ride p onies. The equestrian business has numerous markers that the equestrian items industry will keep on developing. The organization is known for their greatness in client support and enormous extensive determination. The organization advances a culture of considerate, educated, and brief client support delegates. 90% of the deals and client support agents are horse aficionado. The organization offers clients a 100% fulfillment ensure. The organization has one of the biggest point by point client databases. The database comprises of clients that have bought things with the most recent a year and their segment data. The utilization of the inventory, web, and retail locations has empowered the organization to catch client data, cross-advertise items, and give a helpful shopping experience to clients. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s clients are essentially females with an energy for the riding sport. The clients are rich and extravagance situated who will in general decide to purchase from the organization for the high caliber and chief items. The client base shows high repurchase rates and has been faithful cl ients. The job Christianity has in this association is client assistance is basic and Matthew 10:31 states, Ã¢â¬Å"Fear not, along these lines; you are more an incentive than numerous sparrowsÃ¢â¬ (ESV). In the administration business, consumer loyalty is critical and the organization needs to enlist the perfect individuals and prize them for there ability. Colossians 3:23-24 states, Ã¢â¬Å"23 Whatever you do, work at it with everything that is in you, as working for the Lord, not for human bosses, 24 since you realize that you will get a legacy from the Lord as a prize. It is the Lord Christ you are servingÃ¢â¬ (New International Version). Another refrain that can be applied in this association is 1 Peter 4:10, Ã¢â¬Å"As every ha got a blessing, use it to serve each other, as great stewards of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s shifted graceÃ¢â¬ . The organization utilizes the endowments God gives us and give them to buyers to profit by. The job of Christianity assumes an incredible job in this organiza tion. Key Concepts The main key idea that is relevant to Dover Saddlery is Quality. Quality hugy affects the nature of items and the achievement of the association. As indicated by Dinh, Igel, and Laosirihongthong (2010), Ã¢â¬Å"quality, thought about a key vital factor in making business progress, is like never before required for contending effectively in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s worldwide commercial center and it has become the key motto as associations take a stab at an upper hand in business sectors described by advancement, globalization, and learned customersÃ¢â¬ (p. 931). The structure and execution of the item are two significant ideas of value. Quality should begin with the client, the experience the client has with the item or administration will affect the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s fulfillment with the complete understanding. The administration and control of the nature of the items and administrations is essential to the accomplishment of the association. It is significant for associations to actualize a quality confirmation program (QAP) to guarantee the nature of the items and administrations. As indicated by Rouse (2007): In creating items and administrations, quality confirmation is any efficient procedure of verifying whether an item or administration being created is meeting determined necessities. Numerous organizations have a different division given to quality confirmation. A quality affirmation framework is said to build client certainty and a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s believability, to improve work procedures and proficiency, and to empower an organization to more readily rival others. Quality confirmation was at first presented in World War II when weapons were assessed and tried for surrenders after they were made. TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s quality confirmation frameworks underscore getting absconds before they get into the last item (Quality Assurance). There are numerous focal points for the organization to have a QAP set up, incorporate an upper hand, increment in deals and piece of th e overall industry, expanded consumer loyalty, better administration control, obviously characterized authoritative undertakings, structure, and duties, progressively compelling reviews, and value premium (Aramyan, Meuwissen, Oude Lansink, van der Vorst, van Kooten, and van der Lans, 2009, p. 624). As indicated by Yang (2006) Ã¢â¬Å"several concentrates on quality administration have shown that conveying predominant help quality upgrades efficiency, diminishes costs, builds client unwaveringness, improves piece of the pie, and carries other general advantages to an assistance association (p.1129). The QAP satisfies the needsÃ¢ and desires for the clients and improves the nature of the items and administrations. The second key idea that is pertinent to the organization is absolute quality administration (TQM). As indicated by Richards (2012), TQM can be characterized as an integrative way to deal with the board that underpins the achievement of consumer loyalty through a wide assortment of apparatuses and procedures that the final product is higher caliber of merchandise and enterprises (p. 37). TQM is a hierarchical wide idea of persistent improvement to guarantee the items and administrations surpass their customersÃ¢â¬â¢ desires. As indicated by Richards (2012), Ã¢â¬Å"this sort of value the board requires the organization to consistently check to ensure that item or administration is at the standard that both the organization and client needs is maintainedÃ¢â¬ (p. 37). Surpassing the inner and outside clients fulfillment is a key focal point of TQM. As indicated by Talib, et al. (2011), TQM Ã¢â¬Å"has got an extraordinary consideration because of its adequacy in accomplishing practi cal upper hand and improved business performanceÃ¢â¬ (p. 1331). TQM is Ã¢â¬Å"a all out gander at the nature of the organizationÃ¢â¬ (Richards, 2012, p. 41). Ã¢â¬Å"All administration ventures should look to embrace and actualize TQM with the goal that proactive distinguishing proof and reaction to required changes can prompt consistent improvementÃ¢â¬ (Talib, et al. 2011). Ã¢â¬Å"Quality-cognizant organizations ordinarily have a solid quality culture, which is useful for accomplishing client satisfactionÃ¢â¬ (Delgado-Hernandez and Aspinwall, 2008, p.1016). The act of TQM can grow an organization to have a practical bit of leeway in neighborhood and global markets (Richards, 2012, p. 36). The third key idea that is pertinent to the organization is advancement. Ã¢â¬Å"In the advanced business world, development is similarly as significant as quality, so they should go hand and hand and one supplements each otherÃ¢â¬?
Saturday, July 25, 2020
1-in-10-out Rule Being a minimalist doesnât mean youâll never buy anything new. It means youâll do so with intention. It also means youâll let go aggressively and deliberately. Or you could do both simultaneously. When I first started simplifying, I was overwhelmed by how much stuff I wanted to jettison. That overwhelm compounded because I still felt the pall of future purchases. To combat impulse shopping and aid my minimizing efforts, I implemented a rule: the 1-in-10-out Rule. For every item I acquired, I had to get rid of ten things I owned. Want that new shirt? Ten articles of clothing hit the donation bin. Want that new chair? Ten pieces of furniture make it to eBay. Want that new blender? Ten kitchen items are axed. This rule helped me reshape my everyday-consumption habits, and, much like the 30-Day Minimalism Game, it helped me strengthen my letting-go muscles. Subscribe to The Minimalists via email.
Friday, May 22, 2020
Have you ever felt so trapped in a small space you began to lose your mind? In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"Allegory of the Cave,Ã¢â¬ the author uses allegory as a means to justify that the world is a reflection of more perfect and ideal forms. As the story begins, PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s teacher, Socrates, presents a world of alternate reality to PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s brother Glaucon by telling him to imagine a cave full of prisonerÃ¢â¬â¢s who have been chained their entire lives. The shadows, voices, and figures given to them by the puppeteers on the wall have constructed the only reality the prisoners have ever known. Those few interpretations lead the prisoners to believe the shadows are real. To the prisoners, they must be real because that is all they have ever seen, heard, or known. The cave is used as a means to open peoples eyes to the world we live in and to not blindly walk through life living by the rules of our puppeteers. As children we are the prisoners hidden in the cave o r chained to the society defined by the media, government, educational systems, and many other constructs we do not even question. Our knowledge of reality, truth, and education will always be limited by our fears of puppeteers, new ideas, and radical perspectives unless we break free from what is holding us back. Just like the prisoners locked in their caves, we must seek enlightenment beyond the illusions instilled upon us. He explains the education of the soul toward enlightenment by examining the ideas of universal forms. TheShow MoreRelatedAllegory Of The Cave By Plato1722 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAllegory of the Cave Human experiences are an everyday aspect of individuals lives. The way individuals see, touch, smell, feel, and even remember is through unique experiences. People do not realize it, but our everyday life and community shape how the mind experiences certain events. Because of these, the way individuals see the world is different from person to person. The mind interprets the world around the individuals, however, it can only interpret what it is exposed to. It is up to the individualsRead MoreThe Allegory Of The Cave By Plato1511 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn our class, we read three powerful and meaningful texts. We started by reading The Allegory of the Cave by Plato, a Greek philosopher who lived from 428-347 B.C.E. This text led to our reading of The Four Idols by Francis Bacon, an English philosopher who came much later than Plato and lived from 1562 to 1626. Lastly, we read The Word Weavers/World Makers by Neil Postman, who lived from 1931-2003. There seems to be a recurring theme in which they themselves deal with ideas of knowledge and illusionsRead MoreAllegory of the Cave Plato6021 Words Ã |Ã 25 Pagescomfortable with this unawareness because it is all we know. Platos Allegory of the CaveÃ¢â¬ captures the essence of the journey to enlightenment. Clearly, the thought of sameness and normality thinking has transcended from Platos time to today. Thus, the allegory is relevant to contemporary essential life. Organizations are known for fostering a culture of group thinking. The danger inherent in group thinking is the object lesson that Plato tries to convey. When we refuse to engage in critical thinkingRead MoreThe Allegory of the Cave by Plato916 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Ã¢â¬Å"Allegory of the CaveÃ¢â¬ by Plato represents the differences in the way we perceive reality and what we believe is real. In his story, Plato starts by saying that in a cave, there are prisoners chained down and are forced to look at a wall. The prisoners are unable to turn their heads to see what is going on behind them and are completely bound to the floor. Behind the prisoners, puppeteers hide and cast shadows on the wall in line with the prisonersÃ¢â¬â¢ sight, thus giving the prisoners their onlyRead MorePlatos Allegory of the Cave1093 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPlatos Cave begins by explaining the conditions of the people inside the cave. The people inside sit side by side. Their hands and legs are chained to the ground. They face a wall in the cave. The cave is illuminated by a fire behind the people. On the wall, there are projections of shadows created by the fire and objects that passes by fire. The prisoners dont know this, of course, because they are bound so tight that they cant turn their heads. There are people that are carrying objects to createRead MorePlatos Allegory of the Cave.1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn Plato s The Allegory of the Cave, Socrates tells an allegory of the hardship of understanding reality. Using metaphors Socrates comp ares a prisoner in an underground cave who is exploring a new strange world he never knew of to people who are trying to find a position of knowledge in reality. Through it, Plato attempts to map a man s journey through education and describes what is needed to achieve a perfect society. According to Socrates, most people tend to rely on their senses excessivelyRead MoreAllegory Of The Cave By Plato934 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesour lives, every person has asked themselves a varied version of the same questions: What is Ã¢â¬Å"realityÃ¢â¬ , moreover what determines our perception of reality, and what am I supposed to do with (or about) it? Throughout Ã¢â¬Å"Allegory of the Cave,Ã¢â¬ Plato attempts to answer these questions. Plato suggests that humans have a constrained view of the world, and that reality consist of two different perceptions, a bodily eyeÃ¢â¬ and a Ã¢â¬Å"mindÃ¢â¬â¢s eye.Ã¢â¬ The Ã¢â¬Å"mindÃ¢â¬â¢s eyeÃ¢â¬ , the hypothetical site of visual recollection or Read MorePlato s Allegory Of The Cave1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s, Allegory of the cave, a key theory I found was the importance of education. Plato uses an Ã¢â¬Å"allegory to illustrate the dilemma facing the psyche in the ascent to knowledge of the imperishable and unchanging formsÃ¢â¬ (104) Based on my research of the republic, the allegory can reveal multiple hidden messages. Plato describes, ordinary mortals are chained within an underground chamber, which according to Fiero, represents the psyche imprisoned within the human body. These mortals canÃ¢â¬â¢t lookRead MorePlato s Allegory Of Cave1979 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesJaneva Walters December 6, 2016 Dr. T. Brady ENG 391 PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Allegory of Cave The allegory of the cave is regarded as one of the most reputed and acclaimed works by the Greek philosopher Plato in modern literature as well as philosophy. First published and presented in his work known as a Republic (514aÃ¢â¬â520a), the dialogues that have been used as conversation can be regarded as fictitious as the main conversation takes place between PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s brother Glaucon and Socrates. First and foremost, allegoricalRead MoreThe Allegory Of The Cave Proposed By Plato1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe allegory of the cave proposed by Plato includes the representation of the levels of knowledge. As we get closer to the exit, we get more knowledgeable and wiser we get, thus becoming better selves. Literature represents part of this knowledge, it has been a fundamental part of understanding our society, and has archived and developed the events and thoughts that made the world in which we live today. The more we read, the more we understand about us as well as learning from other peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ experiences
Friday, May 8, 2020
The Al-Shabaab is regarded as one of the most dangerous African terrorist organizations. Al-Shabaab is a multiethnic militant group out of Somalia that uses many terrorist tactics in attempts to gain control over the country of Somalia. They use many forms of terrorism that include ideological revolutionary, dissident, and nationalist terrorism, as they have the motive to gain power over a territory by overthrowing the government. The Al-Shabaab is suspected to have taken part in many terrorist attacks, including the 1998 United States embassies bombings. The motive behind their violence is their goal of creating an Islamic state in Somalia, which they believe is morally justified by the ideological beliefs. An important psychologicalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦If Al-Shabaab notices an individual that they think will benefit them and help their cause, they will threaten the individual into joining the organization (NCTC, 2013). This is an example of the Al-Shabaab using the ration al selection method to select specific members. However, lower ranking members and solders of Al-Shabaab are more concerned about nationalist matters in hopes of gaining control of their territory, compared to its leaders, which are focused on the global jihad. It is reported that the lower ranking members of Al-Shabaab will sometimes shift alliances and turn on Al-Shabaab. This is an example of intergroup conflict within Al-Shabaab. If the members of the organization do switch sides, Al-Shabaab is powerful enough to manipulate that clan network and absorbing them. This makes Al-Shabaab more powerful and gains a significantly more amount of members at the cost of one. Al-Shabaab keeps their head internal leader unclear, although itÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership as a whole eventually falls upon Ayman al-Zawahiri, al-QaedaÃ¢â¬â¢s leader. Though it seems that Al-Shabaab tends to no comply with Ayman al-Zawahiri at all times. In 2010, Ayman al-Zawahiri replaced Al-ShabaabÃ¢â¬â¢s Emir, title o f a Muslim ruler, Moktar Ali Zubeyr Ã¢â¬Å"GodaneÃ¢â¬ , who is regarded as Al-ShabaabÃ¢â¬â¢s Emir, with Ibrahim Haji Jama. However, Godane refused this notion and continued on to be the organizations ruler. Al-Shabaab, the cells of al-Qaeda, recently have begun to leave major cities in Somalia, in routeShow MoreRelatedAl-Shabaab Terrorist Group1590 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction: Al-Shabaab as a terrorist group poses a significant threat in Somalia and in the global community. This paper will start by discussing the background. In this part the paper will show how the group has evolved from Al-Ittihad Al-Islam (AIAI) to the Islamic Court Union (ICU) and lastly to Al-Shabaab. Before discussing the groupÃ¢â¬â¢s threat of national security, homeland and international, this paper will provide the conceptual meaning of key terminology, such as national security, homelandRead MoreThe Purpose of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) Essay996 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) on the surface is an effective fighting force in Somalia; however, the success of AMISOM is contingent upon Ugandan participation. The existence of AMISOM is due to a long Somali history of political / economic instability and the current struggle against the Somalia based terrorist organization, Al-Shabaab. The overall objective within Somalia is to eliminate or at a minimum contain the Al-Shabaab threat. The creation of AMISOM assists the SomalianRead MoreNATO Essay1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmember states as over 40 states, which are not members of the organization, are involved in political and security issues concerning the organization. Roping in other countries has facilitated improved exchange of information, enhanced understanding of conflicts in regions where NATO seeks to intervene but does not have a presence. Despite being an American-centric entity, NATOÃ¢â¬â¢s functions have all the attributes of an international organization working for the preservation of international peace. 3.1Read MoreShould the Al- Shabaab Be Put on the EU Listing for Terrorist?712 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesWestgate shopping mall in Nairobi by the Somali organisation al-Shabaab, it seems somewhat disingenuous to raise the question of whether or not such an entity should be considered a terrorist organisation. However, while al-Shabaab is considered a terrorist organisation by, among others, the US (1), Australia (2) and the UK (3), it is not currently included in the EU list of terrorist groups and entities (4). A recent motion to include al-Shabaab in this list has been made but is as yet unfulfilled (5)Read MoreThe Islamic Terrorist Organization Al Shabaab2670 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pageswillingness and desire to use violence and intimidation in the pursuit of political change has only increased as time progressed. International Terrorist groups have evolved in tactics, inhumanity, and deviance, one of the up and coming groups that have carried out alike threats and attacks is the Somali te rrorist organization Al Shabaab. This paper will cover an organization an organizational overview and accounts of their strategies, tactics. The conclusion of this paper will provide will provide an assessmentRead MoreTerrorism : A Comparison Of Al Shabaab And Boko Haram Terrorist Networks2744 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesTerrorism: A comparison of Al shabaab and Boko Haram Terror Networks. Introduction Heightened attention is paid to terrorism since September 11, 2001 terror attacks on World Trade Center and the Pentagon by Al Qaeda terror network. The act of terror and terrorist groups however have existed for centuries. Terrorism as Ted Gur would explain is a tactic used by the weak to intimate the strong and by the strong to intimidate the weak (Gur in White, 2002, p.205). It is believed that when a group resortsRead MoreThe Radicalization Of Somali Youths2016 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages Introduction Somalia has been engaged in a civil war since 1991. The war has destroyed national governance structures leaving Somalia a patchwork of clan fiefdoms. In this chaotic environment, Non- governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Islamic organizations replaced the government in providing necessary services to the people of Somalia. In 2006, Ethiopia, with the backing of United States, invaded Somalia and ousted the Islamic Courts Union, a union of Islamic courts that had assumedRead MoreAl Shabaabs Influence in Somali Government Essay1843 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesconstant attacks led by Mohammad Abdullah, AKA Ã¢â¬Å"Mad MullahÃ¢â¬ , a folk hero amongst modern day Somalis (African Affairs, 2011). Conflict in Somalia continues to thrive thanks in large part to the terrorist group Al Shabaab (Ã¢â¬Å"the youthÃ¢â¬ in Arabic), a radical Islamic based organization that maintains control over a large portion of the central and southern part of the country. Al Shabaab has ties to Al Qaeda (AQ) with the main goal of installing a fundamentalist Islamist government in Somalia and is conductingRead MoreAnalysis Of Al Shabaab s Origins1755 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages 3. (U) History. Al-ShabaabÃ¢â¬â¢s origins are linked back to the 1990s when a militant Salafist group called al-Itihad al-Islami (AIAI) was the opposition against Somali troops during the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s civil war. Several of the younger members eventually left AIAI to join another organization called the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The ICU started as an unsecured array of Sharia courts. By late-2006, the ICU had developed toward an influential Islamic militia that held control over the large majorityRead MoreInternational Union For Conservation Of Nature1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesImagine you are this beautiful elephant peacefully drinking water from the waterhole among other African animals and then you hear gun shots firing everywhere. You are running for your life when suddenly everything becomes pitch black, then you open your eyes and see a man with a gun pointing at your head laughing as you lay dying. The general point is that almost all animals are getting to the brink of extinction or are either being tagged as an endangered species by the IUCN Red List. The IUCN
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Medium formulation is an essential stage in the design of fermentation process. Most fermentation media require liquid media, although some solid-substrate fermentations are also operated. Fermentation media must satisfy all the nutritional requirements of the microorganisms and fulfill the technical objectives of the process. We will write a custom essay sample on Media Formulation or any similar topic only for you Order Now There are several stages where media are required in a fermentation process; inoculum (starter culture), propagation steps, pilot-scale fermentations and the main production fermentations. According to Cruger W and Cruger A (1990); on a large scale, the sources of nutrients should be selected to create a medium which should meet as many as many possible of the following criteria: i. It should produce the maximum yield of product or biomass per gm of substrate used. ii. It should produce maximum concentration of product or biomass. iii. It should permit the maximum rate of product formation. iv. There should be the minimum yield of undesired products. v. It should be of a consistent quality and be readily available throughout the year. vi. It should cause minimal problems during media preparation and sterilization. vii. It should cause minimal problems in other aspects of the production process particularly aeration and agitation, extraction, purification and waste treatment. The initial step in media for media formulation is the examination of the overall process on the stoichiometery for growth and product formation. The optimization of a medium should be carried out such that it meets as many as possible of the seven criteria. Different combinations and sequences of process conditions have to be investigated to determine growth conditions (Stanbury P. F and Whitaker A; 1995). Medium optimization can be carried by the classical method, in which one independent variable is changed while keeping all others at a certain level. An aerobic fermentation process may be represented as: Carbon and energy source + Nitrogen source + O2 + other requirements Biomass + products + CO2 + H2O + heat This primarily involves consideration of the input of the carbon and nitrogen sources, minerals and oxygen and their conversion to cell biomass, metabolic products. Based on this information, it should be possible to calculate the minimum quantities of each element required to produce a certain quantity of biomass and metabolite According to Prasanthi V et al (2008); Chlorella vulgaris is a green, spherical, single celled fresh water microalga belongs to the phylum Chlorophyta. As per the study conducted so far it is found that green algae are the highest source of chlorophyll in the plant world and particularly, Chlorella one of the members of green algae is the richest source of chlorophyll which is widely used as a health food and feed supplement. The aim of this work is to design different medium types to evaluate optimization combinations for maximum growth, morphology and pigment content of C. vulgaris. Effect of glucose Three different volumes of glucose from apple juice while other variables are kept constant. The volumes that were used are 5g/l, 15g/l and 30g/l. The highest chlorophyll production (12%) was obtained with a glucose concentration of 15g/l. Glucose is used as a carbon source which is required for all biosynthesis leading to reproduction, product formation and cell maintenance. It also serves as the energy source. Carbon requirements may be determined from the biomass yield coefficient (Y), an index of the efficiency of conversion of a substrate into the cellular material: Ycarbon (g/g) = biomass produced (g) __________________ Glucose substrate utilized (g) An increase in glucose concentration of 30g/l resulted in the production of chlorophyll being at a constant this is because all the active sites of the microorganism are occupied and active carrying out biochemical reactions. At low glucose concentration of 5g/l very little biomass (chlorophyll) is obtained and also there is low growth rate. Thus, glucose concentration significantly influences chlorophyll production and microbial growth of the microorganism. Constraints that can be generated include the fact that apple juice not only contains one type of sugar, glucose but also contains other sugars (fructose and sucrose) which the microorganism can either utilise for growth resulting in us not obtaining accurate optimization results and also the other sugars can inhibit the growth of the microorganism. Apple juice also contains soluble pectin these can be difficult to digest hence a reduction in biomass. Effect of nitrogen from defatted soya Nitrogen being important constituent of the cell protein was needed for algal growth, either in combined or in molecular form. It is also a component of proteins nucleic acids some co-enzymes. Industrially important microorganisms can utilize both inorganic and organic nitrogen sources. Inorganic nitrogen may be supplied as ammonium salts, often ammonium sulphate and diammonium hydrogen phosphate, or ammonia; these can be used in place of defatted soya. Ammonia can also be used to adjust the pH of the fermentation. As nitrogen deficiency develops the amount of chlorophyll in the cells decreases faster than the nitrogen content in C. vulgaris. Nitrogen is a limiting factor if continually increased it can inhibit the production of chlorophyll. Varying concentrations of nitrogen were used i. e 0. 3g/l, 0,6g/l and 2. 0g/l. At 0. 3g/l little chlorophyll is obtained this is due to the fact that nitrogen being a macronutrient it is required in high concentration. At 0. 6g/l high yields of chlorophyll are obtained and at 2. 0g/l nitrogen turns to be a limiting factor and can lead to culture toxicity. Constraints can be generated when using Ammonia as a substitute for defatted soya this is due to the fact that ammonia leads to high pH which results in a precipitate formation in the medium but lower pH of the medium prevent the precipitation. Foaming in a microbiological process is due to media proteins that become attached to the air-broth interface where they denature to form stable foam. Non-treatment of foam may block air filters, resulting in loss of aseptic conditions. The foam production can be controlled by addition of chemical antifoam. Natural antifoams include plant oils (e. g. Soya, sunflower and rapeseed), hence defatted soya is used as a nitrogen source rather than ammonia. Also high concentrations of ammonium ions can be toxic to cells of the microbe. Effect of Mg2+ MgSO4 can be used as the source of magnesium. It promotes the maximum growth of the present alga and it is also incorporated as an enzyme co-factor component of chlorophyll. Three salt concentrations were used 0. 1g/l; 0. 5g/l and 1g/l. At low salt concentration of 0. 1g/l it results in a magnesium deficiency which interrupted cell division in Chlorella which results in abnormally large cell formation. Increase in salt concentration of 0. g/l and 1g/l of magnesium alone in the medium resulted in higher cell number, although increase in nitrogen alone did not make much difference that means cells need magnesium to synthesize chlorophyll. The process of multiplication requires a larger concentration of magnesium in the medium than does the production of cell material. Iron uptake is strictly r equired to optimize the process. References 1). Crueger W and Crueger A. 1990. A Textbook of Industrial Microbiology. Oxford. Panima Publishing Corporation. 2). Stansbury P. F and Whitaker A . 1995. Principles of fermentation technology. New York. Pergamon Press. 3). Prasanthi V, Yugandhar M. N, Vuddaraju S. P, Nalla K. K, Raju C. A. I and Donthireddy S. R. R. Optimization of the fermentation media using statistical approach and artificial neural networks for the production of chlorophyll by Chlorella vulgaris. International Journal of Natural and Engineering Sciences. 2008. 2 (3): 51-56 CHINHOYI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY NAME: Ngara Tanyaradzwa R REG NUMBER: C1110934J COURSE: Process Optimization and Production COURSE CODE: CUBT 208 PROGRAM: BSBIO Level 2:2 Assignment: 1 Lecturer Dr Zvidzai How to cite Media Formulation, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Abstract This paper has attempted to review Mexico as an investment hub for multinational companies. The countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ potential is discussed briefly alongside cultural considerations. The importance understanding the organizational culture of firms in Mexico before investing has also been discussed.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Multinational companies in Mexico specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Reasons for multinationalsÃ¢â¬â¢ interest in setting up operations in Mexico The main reason why MNCs should relocate to Mexico is the availability of highly skilled labor. This could be attributed to the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s huge investment in human resource. The good bit about this labor is that it calls for low wages. Such highly skilled labor is quite expensive in other regions including United States. It is evident that much less is used in terms of labor capital investment in Mexico. Labor is an importan t factor in any business and not only the cost that matters but also the quality. This combination is readily available in Mexico. The second reason is the potential of businesses in Mexico to achieve high productivity, growth rates and quality performance. This means that the companies break even very fast. Various studies that have been carried out proofed this point. Amongst three auto assembly plants in Canada, United States and Mexico, the Mexican plants topped according to a study by Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The research conducted by J. D. Power and Associates placed Ford MotorÃ¢â¬â¢s Hermisillo plant (Mexico) at the top in North America. Mexico is also favoring the expansion of plants particularly those to do with computers and electronics. That is why Intel put in some $ 1.5 billion in its upgrading program in 2007. This is an example of a company which operates out of many countries and investing in Mexico is an indication of the potential that the country h as. MexicoÃ¢â¬â¢s market is wide due to the many trade agreements it has made with countries across the world. Cultural differences and MNCs MNCs in the world today are adopting the four basic predispositions to enhance their operations. These are ethnocentric, polycentric, regiocentric and geocentric. In ethnocentric, the values and the interests of the parent company guide the strategic decisions. Using this approach means the MNC is not concerned about the cultural differences found in the country of operation. Polycentric predisposition is guided by the need to allow the culture of the country of operation to guide the strategic decisions. Regiocentric attempts to strike a balance between the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s values and interests with those of the region of operation. In geocentric predisposition, the company adopts a global approach to decision making.Advertising Looking for case study on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OF F Learn More The United States MNCs have already dominated the Mexican investment arena. Their strategic predisposition uses an approach which is responsive to the values and interests of the local people. As has been mentioned earlier, many MNCs are opting to do production in Mexico. By so doing, the highest percentage labor force comes from Mexico. The employees of a company more often than not dictate the direction that the company will take with regard to the local needs. This narrows down to the company assimilating the local peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s culture within its organization. For the European companies, cultural barriers may portend a potential challenge. However, the utilization of the various strategic predispositions would give them a choice on the direction to take. It is a fact that there are many European MNCs operating in Mexico. A good example is the French MNC Thomson. Looking at the expectations of the French people about doing business in their country shows t he general characteristics of the Europeans. Examples of these expectations include keeping time, a quick pressurized grip in handshake, respecting meal time and not rushing at making decisions. These may be readily acceptable to the Mexicans but it is always good to work with what is locally appreciated. The Japanese MNCs may find their values and interests to be a bit far from those of Mexicans due to vast cultural differences. The MNCs have however adopted strategies that are sensitive to the locals hence removing the potential cultural barriers. Importance of MNCs studying the organizational culture in Mexican firms For MNCs to succeed in a certain country or region, it is important for the management to understand the organizational culture of the firms. It goes without saying that the MNCÃ¢â¬â¢s that decides to invest in Mexico must get to know this culture before shifting. This has to do with how the organizations are in terms of human resource and the hierarchies involved. This would assist in placement of staff and shed light on what positions to give to the expatriates. This is a major step in getting closer to the Mexican culture and also getting accepted. The knowledge would also be an asset in setting up work related policies within the firms. One thing that is clear is the fact that there exist similarities within firms that operate in Mexico with regard to organizational culture. The situation is unique and any MNC willing to invest here should have the full knowledge of it. The way forward is to adjust the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s strategies so that they could fit the local situation. This can be done through realization that all countries are not the same. The firms would then set their subsidiaries in such a way that they accommodate the local demands. Autonomy should be given to such subsidiaries so that they could be responsive to the local values and interests.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Multinational companies in M exico specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This case study on Multinational companies in Mexico was written and submitted by user Brooklynn Barlow to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.